Schlagwort-Archive: Standard Files

Configure Active Directory Auth for Azure files to use for Azure Fileshares and WVD

In the past I had a lot of talks about Azure File Sync, a lightwight solutions to sync servers from different locations and branches via Azure Files. One often questions was, it is possible to use Azure Files directly with the integrated Active Directory authentication – The great answer since a few days is Yes, this is possible.

Now you can use Azure Files with On-Prem Active Directory authentication as a fully replacement for Fileservers. No need for Azure Active Directory Domain Services (Azure AD ADDS) or different settings on Azure Files. This gives great new ways to using Azure Files for Fileshares and to use Azure Files directly for WVD and coming closer to a cloud native solution or to a fully replacement for On-Prem Fileserver.

In this article I will explain how to configure AD authentication for Azure Files and list information about region availability some basic steps and more. Please feel free to use the comment section or Twitter to get in touch with me and gives me feedback about the article and the solution.

General

Workflow to enable Azure AD authentication over SMB from Microsoft Docs

Region availability

Right now the service is in public preview and can use in a broad range of regions. The rollout for the biggest regions are running right now and the plan is to enable the feature in all available regions at the end of March.

The service is available right now in some of the following regions:

  • France Central
  • UK West
  • Germany West Central
  • West and North Europe

The service is not available in the following regions:

  • Not availabile in West US | West US 2
  • Not availabile in East US | East US 2

Requirements

There are some requirements to enable AD authentication for Azure Files:

  • Existing Active Directory Domain Service (ADDS)
  • Used identities must be synced via Azure AD Connect to Azure AD
  • Azure AD Tenant and the file share must be associate with the same subscription
  • VM must be joined in the existing AD
  • Use a supported region
  • Is only supported on machines newer then Windows 7 / WS2008R2 (EoL)
  • Azure Files PowerShell Modul
    • Needs Az module 2.0.0+ and Az.Storage 1.8.2-preview+
  • The Client must be domainjoined to use the module
    • The account must have permissions to create computer accounts or service accounts in the domain/OU

Keep in mind, it`s only possible to use one authentication provider for a Azure Fileshare – Azure AD Domain Services (Azure AD DS) or Active Directory (AD).

Recommendations

  • Use separate Storage Accounts for Azure Fileshare AD authentication
  • Create an own OU for Azure Fileshare AD authentication

For best practice it is useful to use separate Storage Accounts for Azure File AD authentication, because with activation the Fileshare will be a member of the the domain (this means in general the Storage Account join the domain).

Each Domain uses GPO to enable settings for each OU in the Domain. To avoid issues for Storage Accounts that will be member of the Domain, I recommend to create and use an separate OU for the Storage Accounts.

Preparation

To use Azure Files with integrated SMB authentication, there are additional Powershell modules needed. This module are available for download at Azure Samples GitHub Page. Please use the latest one.

Domain with separate OU for Azure fileshares

For a better management and separation, create a new OU for Storage Accounts.

Enable Azure Files for AD authentication

To enable Azure Files for AD authentication there are some steps needed.

  • Unzip the downloadad Zip Archiv AzFilesHybrid.zip
  • [Optional] Create an OU for the Storage Accounts
  • Create a (separate) Storage Account in Azure
  • Create a Azure file share in the Storage Account
  • Start a evalated PowerShell Session with rights to create computer and service accounts in the domain on a domain member client
  • Run the following powershell commands
    • green = optional
    • red = important
#Change the execution policy to unblock importing AzFilesHybrid.psm1 module 
Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Scope Currentuser
#Navigate to where AzFilesHybrid is unzipped and stored and run to copy the files into your path .\CopyToPSPath.ps1
#Import AzFilesHybrid module
Import-Module -name AzFilesHybrid
#Login with an Azure AD credential that has either storage account owner or contributer RBAC assignment
Connect-AzAccount
#Select the target subscription for the current session Select-AzSubscription -SubscriptionId "<your-subscription-id-here>"
#Register the target storage account with your active directory environment under the target OU
join-AzStorageAccountForAuth -ResourceGroupName "<resource-group-name-here>" -Name "<storage-account-name-here>" -DomainAccountType "<ServiceLogonAccount|ComputerAccount>" -OrganizationUnitName "<ou-name-here>"

Here are an short code example:

join-AzStorageAccountForAuth -ResourceGroupName "Storage_rg" -Name "azfilesadauthsa" -DomainAccountType "ComputerAccount" -OrganizationalUnitName "AzFileShares"
Azure storage account join the domain

When using the correct permissions the storage account will join the domain as an Computerobject|Serviceobject and the following message will shown.

Domain OU shows an Azure storace account as computer object

Keep an eye on the OU that are indicated for joining and the result will be a new computer object with the name of the storage account.

With this steps the feature for AD authentication for Azure fileshares are enabled.

Now it´s useful to define the initial permissions from the Azure AD portal. This is explained in the article Why Azure AD RBAC roles are needed for Active Directory File share authentication.

Links

Erweitern Vorhandener Azure Fileshares auf 100TB für AzureFileSync

Im Vorfeld zur Ignite wurde vor ein paar Tagen eine kleine Überraschung im Azure Blog angekündigt: Announcing the general availability of larger, more powerful standard file shares for Azure Files. Bedeutet das für alle jetzigen Azure Fileshares im Standard Tier die neuen Performancewerte ausgerollt werden. Damit fällt auch die bisherige Limitierung von 5TB für Azure Fileshares und damit verbunden für Azure File Sync. Die neuen Performancewerte sehen folgendermaßen aus:

  • IOPS: 10.000 (vorher 1000)
  • Durchsatz: 300MB/sec (vorher 60MB/sec)
  • Fileshare Größe: 100TB (vorher 5TB)

Bisher waren Azure Fileshares auf 5TB limitiert. Die Freigabe wird als Speicherort der Azure File Sync Dateien genutzt – daher galt hier das gleiche Limit. Doch diese Herausforderung ist gelöst und vorhandene Fileshares lassen sich über das Azure Portal auf die neue Größe erweitern. Dieser Artikel zeigt kurz die notwendigen Schritte.

Erweitern Vorhandener Azure Fileshares auf 100TB für AzureFileSync weiterlesen

Azure File Sync – Verhalten bei Dateikollisionen

In letzter Zeit hatte ich das Vergnügen Azure File Sync auf verschiedenen Community Events vorzustellen und dabei die Einrichtung, Konfiguration und Best Practices zu erläutern. Mit Azure File Sync lassen sich Fileserver über Unternehmensgrenzen hinweg, mit Hilfe eines zentralen Azure Fileshares, synchronisieren. Eine häufig gestellte Frage ist, wie der Service mit Dateikollisionen umgeht.

Dieser Artikel soll darauf eine Antwort geben.

Azure File Sync – Verhalten bei Dateikollisionen weiterlesen

Azure File Sync – Fileshares bis 100TB möglich

DIe Microsoft Inspire fand letzte Woche statt und bereits im Vorfeld gab es einige Neuigkeiten zu verschiedenen Services. So wurde u.a. Azure Migrate als Public Preview vorgestellt, ein Assessment Tool für virtuelle Umgebungen (Hyper-V und VMware). Außerdem gab es ein neues Release zu Web Application Firewall/Gateway. Und natürlich einige Neuigkeiten zu Azure File Sync, die gerade im Hinblick auf Enterprise Unternehmen interessant sind. Diese werden in diesem Artikel vorgestellt.

Azure File Sync – Fileshares bis 100TB möglich weiterlesen